Sign of the Cross Prayer
Prayers of the Rosary

Sign of the Cross Prayer - Prayers of the Holy Rosary


The Sign of the Cross prayer holds profound importance and significance. It serves as a foundational declaration, inviting individuals into a sacred space of prayer and meditation. This invocation encapsulates the essence of the Holy Trinity, a central tenet in Christian theology. By starting with these words, “In the Name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit,” practitioners express their devotion to God the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit, affirming their belief in the three-in-one nature of the divine.

The act of making the Sign of the Cross, accompanied by this prayer, symbolizes the believer’s alignment with the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his redemptive sacrifice. It sets the tone for the contemplative journey through the Rosary, which involves the repetition of prayers and meditation on the life of Christ and the Virgin Mary. As a ritualized beginning, “In the name of the Father” anchors the faithful in their faith, invoking the divine presence and seeking the blessings of the Triune God throughout the spiritual exercise of the Rosary. In essence, this opening prayer encapsulates the core beliefs of the Catholic faith and establishes a sacred connection between the individual and the Holy Trinity.

The Sign of the Cross is used widely in Catholic Church services and devotions as well as in eastern orthodox churches including:

The Catholic Mass (preceding the gospel reading)
The Latin Rite
All the Mysteries of the Rosary

Sign of the Cross Prayer

In the Name Of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.  (As you say this, with your right hand touch your forehead when you say Father, touch your breastbone when you say Son, touch your left shoulder when you say Holy, and touch your right shoulder when you say Spirit.)

Sign of the Cross Prayer Explained

Sign of the Cross Prayer - Prayers of the Holy Rosary
Sign of the Cross Prayer – Prayers of the Holy Rosary

When Catholics begin the Rosary, they make the Sign of the Cross, which involves touching the forehead, chest, left shoulder, and right shoulder while saying, “In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, Amen.” Each part of this gesture and accompanying words holds special meaning.

In the Name of the Father

This part emphasizes the role of God the Father in the Trinity. Christians believe in one God who exists in three persons: the Father, the Son (Lord Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit. By invoking the name of the Father, individuals express their connection to the ultimate source of divine love and guidance.

    • It signifies the acknowledgment of God’s authority and presence.
    • It reflects the understanding of God as a caring and nurturing Father figure.

And of the Son

Following “In the name of the Father,” this phrase highlights the role of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. Christians believe that Jesus is both fully divine and fully human (having two natures), and his sacrifice on the cross is central to the Christian faith.

  • It acknowledges Jesus as the Savior and mediator between humanity and God.
  • It reminds believers of the importance of Christ’s teachings and example in their lives.

And of the Holy Spirit

The final part of the opening prayer recognizes the presence and influence of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is believed to be God’s active presence in the world, guiding and empowering believers.

  • It invokes the assistance and inspiration of the Holy Spirit in prayer.
  • It underscores the belief in the ongoing guidance and support of God through the Holy Spirit.

By starting the Rosary with the Sign of the Cross and these words, individuals set the tone for their prayer, aligning themselves with the Triune God and seeking divine involvement in their spiritual journey.

How to Make the Sign of the Cross

Here’s how to make the Sign of the Cross:

  1. Begin with your Right Hand: Raise your right hand and bring your fingertips together, with your thumb slightly tucked in. The left hand plays no role in the Sign of the Cross.
  2. Touch your Forehead: With your right hand, touch your forehead gently while saying, “In the name of the Father.”
  3. Move to your Chest: Bring your hand down to touch your chest or heart, saying, “and of the Son.”
  4. Move to your Left Shoulder: Extend your hand horizontally to your left shoulder, saying, “and of the Holy.”
  5. Move to your Right Shoulder: Continue the horizontal movement across your chest to your right shoulder, saying, “Spirit.”
  6. Conclude: Bring your hand down to your stomach or close to your body, completing the sign of the cross while saying, “Amen.”

Remember to make the sign reverently and with sincerity, as it is a gesture of faith and devotion for Catholics.

History of the Sign of the Cross Prayer

The phrase “In the name of the Father” has a historical and theological significance that dates back to the early centuries of Christianity. The practice of making the Sign of the Cross, accompanied by this declaration, has evolved over time. Here’s a brief overview of its history:

Early Christian Tradition

The roots of invoking the Holy Trinity in prayer can be traced to the early Christian Church. In the first few centuries, Christians, while not necessarily using the exact wording we have today, expressed their faith in the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The idea of making a symbolic cross gesture likely developed as a physical way to affirm their beliefs.

Development of the Sign of the Cross

The practice of making the Sign of the Cross became more formalized over the centuries. By the time of the Middle Ages, it had become a common and widely accepted tradition in Christian worship. The combination of the cross gesture with the specific invocation of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit became a standard way to express one’s faith.

Liturgical Use

The Sign of the Cross, with the accompanying words, found its way into the liturgy of the Christian Church. It became a part of various prayers, including the beginning of the Mass and other sacraments. Its consistent use in liturgical settings contributed to its widespread adoption among Christians.

Role in the Rosary

The Rosary, as a form of devotion, developed in the medieval period. It gained popularity in the 15th century, and its structure evolved over time. The opening prayer, starting with the Sign of the Cross, became a foundational element in the Rosary. This phrase serves as a reminder of the Christian’s connection to the Holy Trinity before embarking on the meditative prayer cycle of the Rosary.

Continued Practice

Over the centuries, the use of the Sign of the Cross and the declaration “In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” has endured across various Christian denominations. It remains a meaningful and widely recognized expression of faith and a way for believers to begin their prayers with a conscious acknowledgment of the Triune God.

In summary, the history of the phrase “In the name of the Father” is intertwined with the broader development of Christian liturgical practices and the evolution of the Sign of the Cross as a symbol of faith and devotion.

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Prayers of the Rosary pdf

We have a pdf available (only for Desktop and Tablet versions) containing all prayers of the Rosary for your use. It is free to download and share. It can be printed and used for learning the Rosary and is an excellent aid for memorization. Click the button below to access our pdf.  

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Last Publish:  February 21, 2024

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