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Wedding at Cana
Second Luminous Mystery of the Rosary

The Wedding at Cana - Luminous Mysteries of the Rosary
The Marriage at Cana - Gerard David - 1500


The second Luminous Mystery of the Rosary, the Wedding at Cana, holds great importance and significance in Christian tradition, revealing key aspects of Jesus’ identity, ministry, and the nature of his relationship with his disciples.

Transformation of Water into Wine

At the Wedding at Cana, Jesus performs his first public miracle by turning water into wine. This miraculous event showcases the divine power of Jesus Christ over nature and his ability to bring about transformation and abundance. It signifies his role as the Messiah, who brings joy, fulfillment, and new life to humanity.

Manifestation of Jesus' Glory

Through this miracle, Jesus reveals his glory as the Son of God. The Gospel of John describes this event as the “beginning of his signs” (John 2:11), indicating that it marks the inauguration of Jesus’ public ministry and the manifestation of his divine authority. The transformation of water into wine highlights Jesus’ identity as the long-awaited Messiah and reinforces the belief of his disciples in his divinity.

Symbolism of the Wedding Feast

The setting of a wedding feast holds symbolic significance in biblical imagery. In the Old Testament, the wedding celebration is often used as a metaphor for the covenant relationship between God and his people. By performing his first miracle at a wedding feast, Jesus symbolically inaugurates the new covenant between God and humanity. The abundance of wine at the wedding feast also foreshadows the abundance of grace and blessings that Jesus brings through his sacrificial death and resurrection.

Mary's Intercession

Mary plays a significant role in the Wedding at Cana by interceding on behalf of the wedding couple when they run out of wine. Her statement to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you” (John 2:5), highlights her faith in Jesus’ ability to address the problem. Mary’s intercession underscores her unique role as the Mother of Jesus and the mediator of grace between humanity and her divine Son.

Discipleship and Belief

The Wedding at Cana is also significant for the disciples of Jesus. In John’s gospel, it is emphasized that this miracle led to the belief of Jesus’ disciples (John 2:11). By witnessing Jesus’ miraculous power, the disciples are strengthened in their faith and begin to recognize him as the promised Messiah. This event marks the beginning of their journey as followers of Jesus and highlights the importance of faith and discipleship in the Christian life.

In summary, the Wedding at Cana, as the second luminous mystery of the rosary, holds profound importance and significance in Christian theology. It reveals Jesus’ divine power and authority, manifests his glory as the Son of God, inaugurates the new covenant, underscores Mary’s role as intercessor, and strengthens the faith of Jesus’ disciples. This miraculous event serves as a testament to Jesus’ mission of redemption and salvation for all humanity.

Scriptures of the Wedding at Cana

John 2:1-12

And the third day, there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee: the mother of Jesus was there.
Jesus also was invited, and his disciples, to the marriage. And the wine failing, the mother of Jesus saith to him: They have no wine. Jesus saith to her: Woman, what is that to me and to thee? my hour is not yet come. His mother saith to the waiters: Whatsoever he shall say to you, do ye.

Now there were set there six waterpots of stone, according to the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three measures apiece. Jesus saith to them: Fill the waterpots with water. They filled them up to the brim. And Jesus saith to them: Draw out now, and carry to the chief steward of the feast. And they carried it.

When the chief steward had tasted the water made wine, and knew not whence it was, but the waiters knew who had drawn the water; the chief steward calleth the bridegroom, And saith to him: Every man at first setteth forth good wine, and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse. But thou hast kept the good wine until now.

This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee; and manifested his glory, and his disciples believed in him. After this he went down to Capharnaum, he and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they remained there not many days.

Wedding at Cana - Luminous Mysteries of the Rosary
Marriage at Cana - Jacopo Tintoretto - 1561

Scripture Commentary

In the gospel account of John 2:1-12, the miraculous event known as the Wedding at Cana is recounted, where Jesus performs his first public miracle by turning water into wine. This passage holds significant theological and symbolic importance in Christian tradition, revealing aspects of Jesus’ identity, ministry, and the inauguration of the new covenant.

The Setting of the Wedding at Cana (John 2:1-2)

The passage begins by describing the setting of a wedding feast in the village of Cana in Galilee. Jesus and his disciples, along with his mother Mary, are invited to the celebration. This setting highlights the communal nature of Jesus’ ministry and his participation in the joys and festivities of human life.

Mary's Intercession (John 2:3-5)

During the wedding feast, the wine ran out, causing embarrassment and concern. Mary, aware of the situation, approaches Jesus and informs him of the shortage. Though Jesus initially seems hesitant to intervene, Mary instructs the servants to do whatever he tells them. Mary’s intercession underscores her faith in Jesus’ ability to address the problem and her role as a mediator between the needs of humanity and the divine provision of grace.

The Miracle of Water into Wine (John 2:6-10)

Following Mary’s instructions, Jesus instructs the servants to fill six large stone jars with water. These jars, used for Jewish purification rites, symbolize the old covenant and the need for spiritual purification. Jesus then miraculously transforms the water into wine of the highest quality. This miracle demonstrates Jesus’ power over the elements of nature and his ability to bring about abundance and joy. It also symbolizes the arrival of the new covenant, surpassing the limitations of the old law and bringing fulfillment and abundance to humanity through the grace and mercy of God.

The Significance of the Miracle (John 2:11-12)

The passage concludes with the recognition of Jesus’ miracle by the disciples and the wedding guests. This miraculous sign reveals Jesus’ glory as the Son of God and strengthens the faith of those who witness it. Furthermore, it foreshadows the abundance of grace and joy that will characterize the messianic age inaugurated by Jesus’ ministry. The passage ends by stating that this miracle was the first of Jesus’ signs, revealing his divine authority and leading to the belief of his disciples.

In summary, John 2:1-12, the Wedding at Cana, showcases Jesus’ power to bring about transformation and abundance in human life. It highlights the significance of Mary’s intercession, the inauguration of the new covenant, and the revelation of Jesus’ glory as the Son of God. This miracle serves as a foundational event in Jesus’ ministry, pointing towards his ultimate mission of redemption and salvation for all humanity.

Feast of the Wedding at Cana

While there isn’t a specific feast day dedicated solely to the Wedding at Cana, this event is often commemorated and celebrated within the broader context of the liturgical calendar. The miracle at Cana is typically remembered during the Second Sunday in Ordinary Time in the Catholic liturgical calendar, which usually falls in January.

During this Sunday, the Gospel reading often focuses on the Wedding at Cana, highlighting the significance of Jesus’ first miracle. The emphasis is on the themes of abundance, joy, and the manifestation of Jesus’ divine power.

While the Wedding at Cana itself may not have a standalone feast day, its inclusion in the liturgical calendar provides an opportunity for reflection on the transformative nature of Jesus’ ministry and the importance of faith and obedience.

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Last Publish:  February 22, 2024

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