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Sunday Rosary Mysteries: How to Pray the Rosary on Sunday

guide praying saturday rosary mystery
Table of Contents

Which Mysteries are to be used for the Sunday Rosary?

The Sorrowful Mysteries

For the Sunday Rosary, the Sorrowful Mysteries, is prayed.  It consists of Opening Prayers, five decades, or events, from scripture concerning the life of Jesus and Mary and each followed by Decade Prayers, and finally Closing Prayers.

Devotion to the Rosary itself will aid in building faith and in decreasing sin and spiritual poverty. Blessings will ensue.  Together, these prayers and decades make up one of the world’s most popular prayers and are said millions of times daily. 

A suggestion …

Pray the Rosary early in the morning before you start your day.  Why pray it at the end of the day after the day is over?

Read the scriptures out loud. Don’t just announce the decade, but read the scriptures to accompany the prayers. 

Additionally, view a primer on Rosary Beads and how to use them.

pdf File Image

Download our Sorrowful Mysteries pdf Document

We have a Sorrowful Mysteries pdf available for your use. It is free to download and share. It can be printed and used for praying the Rosary and is an excellent aid for anyone, especially for beginners.  The author still uses it to this day.

To view our Sorrowful Mysteries pdf page, click the link.  To go straight to the pdf, click the button below.

Why pray the Sunday Rosary?

Its Power

In 2012, I began praying this prayer of my own accord, which changed my life completely. Its power is real, and I have experienced it first hand. I have had tremendous spiritual experiences that came at this time and were beyond anything I could have imagined. I believe these experiences have happened because of my devotion to prayer and recitation of the Rosary in particular (although I do not think that devotion and prayer guarantee that experiences, as I had, will happen to everyone). A Marian Journey into the Church, a condensed version of my conversion, occurred from 2012 until 2019 when I joined the church, something I had no desire to do before.

Our Lady asks us to

Another reason to pray the Monday Rosary is that Our Lady asks us to; this should be all the reason we need. Fatima is one of the most popular apparitions where Our Lady asks us to pray her Rosary. The Blessed Mother came to the children with the Rosary in hand. But that is not the only apparition; she also requested the Rosary at Lourdes, Akita, Japan, San Nicolas in Argentina, and Kibeho, Rwanda. All of these are apparitions approved by the church.

In 2019, I visited an unapproved apparition site where Our Lady repeatedly requested the Rosary over the years. That site is Medjugorje in Bosnia-Herzegovina, where many miracles and prayers are answered, and lives are changed forever.

But is Our Lady asking a lot of us? No, not really. Just a few minutes every day. The real question is, “How can I be so self-centered and self-serving, that I do not care one iota about what the one person (and she is a person, a real live person) who cares more about me, desires for me?” And the outcome is all to my benefit? It’s not that hard; I did it for 57 years. The Rosary changed everything.

What are the Mysteries of the Sunday Rosary?

The Sorrowful Mysteries are considered the first mysteries of the Rosary and contain five gospel events in the life of Jesus and Mary.  The scriptures listed below can be read aloud as part of the rosary.   

Luke 22:39-46

The Agony in the Garden, found in the Gospels, depicts Jesus’ intense prayer in Gethsemane before his arrest. Overwhelmed with sorrow, he implores God, “Let this cup pass from me.” Yet, he submits to divine will, saying, “Not my will, but yours be done.” This poignant moment reflects Jesus’ human struggle and ultimate acceptance of the impending crucifixion, symbolizing the sacrificial journey towards redemption.

Here is an in depth look at the Agony in the Garden – 1st Sorrowful Mystery of the Rosary.

Matthew 27:11-26

The Scourging at the Pillar is a brutal episode during Jesus’ Passion, described in the Gospels. Before the crucifixion, Jesus is mercilessly whipped at a pillar by Roman soldiers. This agonizing punishment reflects the physical suffering endured by Jesus as part of his redemptive journey, symbolizing the sacrificial nature of his mission for the forgiveness of sins.

Here is an in depth look at the Scourging at the Pillar – 2nd Sorrowful Mystery of the Rosary.

Matthew 27:27-31

The Crowning with Thorns, a harrowing event in Jesus’ Passion, involves Roman soldiers mockingly placing a crown of thorns on his head. This cruel act symbolizes the ridicule and mockery endured by Jesus as the supposed “King of the Jews.” The crown, a painful emblem, reflects the physical and emotional torment Jesus faced, illustrating the depth of his sacrifice for humanity’s redemption.

Here is an in depth look at the Crowning with Thorns – 3rd Sorrowful Mystery of the Rosary.

Luke 23:26-33

The Carrying of the Cross, a pivotal moment in Jesus’ Passion, depicts him bearing the heavy burden of the cross towards Calvary. This act of physical endurance symbolizes Jesus’ acceptance of the redemptive mission, showcasing his sacrificial journey towards crucifixion. The weight of the cross represents not only the physical toll but also the weight of humanity’s sins that Jesus willingly shoulders, underscoring the profound nature of his sacrifice for the salvation of mankind.

Here is an in depth look at the Carrying of the Cross – 4thd Sorrowful Mystery of the Rosary.

John 19:25-27

During the Crucifixion, Jesus addresses his mother Mary, entrusting her care to the beloved disciple, often identified as John. His poignant words, “Woman, behold your son,” and to the disciple, “Behold your mother,” emphasize the establishment of a new familial bond in the midst of his agony. This act reflects Jesus’ concern for his mother’s welfare and illustrates the broader spiritual family formed among his followers. Even in his suffering, Jesus embodies compassion and community, emphasizing the interconnectedness of believers in the face of the crucifixion.

Here is an in depth look at the Crucifixion of Christ – 5th Sorrowful Mystery of the Rosary.

What are the Prayers of the Sunday Rosary?

Queen of the Holy Rosary, you have deigned to come to Fatima to reveal to the three shepherd children the treasures of grace hidden in the Rosary. Inspire my heart with a sincere love of this devotion, in order that by meditating on the Mysteries of our Redemption which are recalled in it, I may be enriched with its fruits and obtain peace for the world, the conversion of sinners and of Russia, and the favor which I ask of you in this Rosary.

(Mention your request here)

I ask it for the greater glory of God, for your own honor, and for the good of souls, especially for my own. Amen.

Here is an in depth look at the Queen of the Holy Rosary Prayer – Prayers of the Holy Rosary. With Explanation & History.

In the Name Of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.  (As you say this, with your right hand touch your forehead when you say Father, touch your breastbone when you say Son, touch your left shoulder when you say Holy, and touch your right shoulder when you say Spirit.)

Here is an in depth look at the In the Name of the Father Prayer – Prayers of the Holy Rosary. With Explanation & History.

I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into hell; the third day He arose again from the dead. He ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body and life everlasting.  Amen.

Here is an in depth look at the Apostles Creed Prayer – Prayers of the Holy Rosary. With Explanation & History.

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. Amen

Here is an in depth look at the Our Father Prayer – Prayers of the Holy Rosary. With Explanation & History.

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen. 

Here is an in depth look at the Hail Mary Prayer – Prayers of the Holy Rosary. With Explanation & History.

 

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen. 

Here is an in depth look at the Glory Be Prayer – Prayers of the Holy Rosary. With Explanation & History.

O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to Heaven, especially those who have most need of your mercy.

Here is an in depth look at the Fatima Prayer – Prayers of the Holy Rosary. With Explanation & History.

Hail, holy Queen, Mother of Mercy! our life, our sweetness, and our hope! To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve; to thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley, of tears. Turn, then, most gracious Advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us; and after this our exile show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus; O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.   

Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God, that we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.  

Here is an in depth look at the Salve Regina Prayer – Prayers of the Holy Rosary. With Explanation & History.

O God whose only begotten Son has purchased for us the rewards of eternal life, Grant that we beseech Thee while meditating upon these mysteries of the Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we may both imitate what they contain and obtain what they promise, through the same Christ our Lord   Amen.

Here is an in depth look at the Closing Rosary Prayer – Prayers of the Holy Rosary. With Explanation & History.

My God, I believe, I adore, I hope, and I love You. I beg pardon of You for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not hope, and do not love You.

Here is an in depth look at the Fatima Pardon Prayer – Prayers of the Holy Rosary. With Explanation & History.

What are Scripturally-based Rosaries?

Scripturally-based Rosaries are Rosaries where the Scriptures are read, usually aloud.  I do it this way everytime I pray the Rosary because I feel like it is more complete and I get more out of it. It is my personal preference.

Any Rosary, whether it be the Sunday Rosary or what have you, can be said scripturally, it just takes longer.  Where I attend Mass, the mystery titles are announced for the sake of time and then the prayers follow. It takes roughly twenty minutes to complete.  The longer version, where all scriptures are read, takes me between forty and forty-five minutes to complete.  

For me personally, the longer route is the way to go.

Prayers of Offering (from the Secret of the Rosary)

There is a text available written by St. Louis de Montfort titled The Secret of the Rosary that is called by some “the greatest book ever written on the Rosary.”

In this text, writtern in the 1700s, there is a section that addresses the methods of saying the Most Holy Rosary so as to draw upon our souls the Grace of the Mysteries of Life.  They are an offering of each decade of the three original mysteries, the Joyful, Sorrowful, and Glorious Mysteries.  There is an offering before and after the rosary prayers for each decade. The offerings in this Rosary are designated by the title, “Decade Offering (optional from the Secret of the Rosary).” 

We feel they are a great addition to each decade, but if you want to omit them, feel free to do so.

The Sunday Rosary

Sorrowful Mysteries of the Rosary - Christ at the Cross
Christ at the Cross - Carl Heinrich Bloch - 1870

Opening Prayers

Queen of the Holy Rosary Prayer

Queen of the Holy Rosary, you have deigned to come to Fatima to reveal to the three shepherd children the treasures of grace hidden in the Rosary. Inspire my heart with a sincere love of this devotion, in order that by meditating on the Mysteries of our Redemption which are recalled in it, I may be enriched with its fruits and obtain peace for the world, the conversion of sinners and of Russia, and the favor which I ask of you in this Rosary.

(Mention your request here)

I ask it for the greater glory of God, for your own honor, and for the good of souls, especially for my own. Amen.

Sign of the Cross

In the Name Of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.  (As you say this, with your right hand touch your forehead when you say Father, touch your breastbone when you say Son, touch your left shoulder when you say Holy, and touch your right shoulder when you say Spirit.)

Apostles Creed

I believe in God, the Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into hell; the third day He arose again from the dead. He ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body and life everlasting. Amen.

Our Father

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. Amen

Hail Mary

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

Glory Be To The Father

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Fatima Prayer

O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to Heaven, especially those who have most need of your mercy.  Amen.

Five Mysteries of the Sunday Rosary

Agony in the Garden
First Sorrowful Mystery of the Rosary

The Agony in the Garden -Sorrowful Mysteries
Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane - Paolo Veronese - 1583-1584
Luke 22: 39-46

And going out, he went, according to his custom, to the mount of Olives. And his disciples also followed him.

And when he was come to the place, he said to them: Pray, lest ye enter into temptation. And he was withdrawn away from them a stone’s cast; and kneeling down, he prayed, Saying: Father, if thou wilt, remove this chalice from me: but yet not my will, but thine be done. And there appeared to him an angel from heaven, strengthening him. And being in an agony, he prayed the longer. And his sweat became as drops of blood, trickling down upon the ground.

And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow. And he said to them: Why sleep you? arise, pray, lest you enter into temptation.

Our Father

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. Amen

Hail Mary

Repeat 10 Times

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

Glory Be To The Father

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Fatima Prayer

O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to Heaven, especially those who have most need of your mercy.  Amen.

Scourging at the Pillar
Second Sorrowful Mystery of the Rosary

The Scourging at the Pillar - Sorrowful Mysteries of the Rosary
Christ Before Pilate -Jacopo Tintoretto - 1556-1557
Matthew 27: 11-26

And Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him, saying: Art thou the king of the Jews? Jesus saith to him: Thou sayest it. And when he was accused by the chief priests and ancients, he answered nothing. Then Pilate saith to him: Dost not thou hear how great testimonies they allege against thee? And he answered him to never a word; so that the governor wondered exceedingly.

Now upon the solemn day the governor was accustomed to release to the people one prisoner, whom they would. And he had then a notorious prisoner, that was called Barrabbas. They therefore being gathered together, Pilate said: Whom will you that I release to you, Barrabbas, or Jesus that is called Christ? For he knew that for envy they had delivered him. 

And as he was sitting in the place of judgment, his wife sent to him, saying: Have thou nothing to do with that just man; for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.

But the chief priests and ancients persuaded the people, that they should ask for Barrabbas, and take Jesus away. And the governor answering, said to them: Whether will you of the two to be released unto you? But they said, Barrabbas. Pilate saith to them: What shall I do then with Jesus that is called Christ? They say all: Let him be crucified. The governor said to them: Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying: Let him be crucified. 

And Pilate seeing that he prevailed nothing, but that rather a tumult was made; taking water washed his hands before the people, saying: I am innocent of the blood of this just man; look you to it. And the whole people answering, said: His blood be upon us and our children. Then he released to them Barrabbas, and having scourged Jesus, delivered him unto them to be crucified.

Our Father

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. Amen

Hail Mary

Repeat 10 Times

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

Glory Be To The Father

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Fatima Prayer

O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to Heaven, especially those who have most need of your mercy.  Amen.

The Crowning with Thorns
Third Sorrowful Mystery of the Rosary

The Crowning with Thorns - Sorrowful Mysteries of the Rosary
The Mocking of Christ - Gerard van Honthorst - 1616 - 1617
Matthew 27:27-31

Then the soldiers of the governor taking Jesus into the hall, gathered together unto him the whole band; And stripping him, they put a scarlet cloak about him. And platting a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand. And bowing the knee before him, they mocked him, saying: Hail, king of the Jews. And spitting upon him, they took the reed, and struck his head. And after they had mocked him, they took off the cloak from him, and put on him his own garments, and led him away to crucify him.

Our Father

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. Amen

Hail Mary

Repeat 10 Times

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

Glory Be To The Father

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Fatima Prayer

O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to Heaven, especially those who have most need of your mercy.  Amen.

The Carrying of the Cross
Fourth Sorrowful Mystery of the Rosary

The Carrying of the Cross - Sorrowful Mysteries
Carrying the Cross - Giovanni Battista Tiepolo - 1738
Luke 23: 26-33

And as they led him away, they laid hold of one Simon of Cyrene, coming from the country; and they laid the cross on him to carry after Jesus.

And there followed him a great multitude of people, and of women, who bewailed and lamented him.

But Jesus turning to them, said: Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not over me; but weep for yourselves, and for your children. For behold, the days shall come, wherein they will say: Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that have not borne, and the paps that have not given suck. Then shall they begin to say to the mountains: Fall upon us; and to the hills: Cover us. For if in the green wood they do these things, what shall be done in the dry?

And there were also two other malefactors led with him to be put to death. And when they were come to the place which is called Calvary, they crucified him there; and the robbers, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

Our Father

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. Amen

Hail Mary

Repeat 10 Times

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

Glory Be To The Father

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Fatima Prayer

O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to Heaven, especially those who have most need of your mercy.  Amen.

The Crucifixion
Fifth Sorrowful Mystery of the Rosary

The Crucifixion of Christ - Sorrowful Mysteries
Crucifixion - Cornelis Massijs - 1600-1650
John 19: 25-27

Now there stood by the cross of Jesus, his mother, and his mother’s sister, Mary of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalen.

When Jesus therefore had seen his mother and the disciple standing whom he loved, he saith to his mother: Woman, behold thy son. After that, he saith to the disciple: Behold thy mother. And from that hour, the disciple took her to his own.

Our Father

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. Amen

Hail Mary

Repeat 10 Times

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

Glory Be To The Father

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

Fatima Prayer

O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to Heaven, especially those who have most need of your mercy.  Amen.

Closing Prayers

The Hail, Holy Queen (Salve Regina)

Hail, holy Queen, Mother of Mercy! our life, our sweetness, and our hope! To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve; to thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley, of tears. Turn, then, most gracious Advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us; and after this our exile show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus; O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.

Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God, that we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

Sign of the Cross

In the Name Of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.  (As you say this, with your right hand touch your forehead when you say Father, touch your breastbone when you say Son, touch your left shoulder when you say Holy, and touch your right shoulder when you say Spirit.)

Rosary Closing Prayer

O God whose only begotten Son has purchased for us the rewards of eternal life, Grant that we beseech Thee while meditating upon these mysteries of the Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we may both imitate what they contain and obtain what they promise, through the same Christ our Lord   Amen.

Fatima Pardon Prayer

“My God, I believe, I adore, I hope, and I love You. I beg pardon of You for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not hope, and do not love You.”

Immaculate Heart of Mary Icon
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